In recent days, exactly on the date of 1 sd March 4, 2009, Indonesia hosted the World Islamic Economic Forum (WIEF) to-5. WIEF usually attended by hundreds of participants from various countries to discuss economic and Islamic finance, with a scientific approach and empirical-practical. The last meeting was held last year in Kuwait.

This time the forum has a very important meaning at least for two reasons. First, because he was held in the middle of the global economic situation is getting bad pointing. Of the expected birth of this forum offers the concrete to help overcome the situation. Perhaps for this reason the 5th WIEF the theme,''Food and Energy Security & stemming the Tide of Global Financial Crisis.''

Second, because of the fact that the level of welfare of the Muslim world, if we measure the level of state welfare-Muslim-majority country, with size Human Development Index (Human Development Index), currently remains at a very low position, although the Muslim countries of East Central for many years enjoyed economic prosperity due to the abundant natural resources, especially oil and gas. This forum could be occasions for introspection about what is right and wrong that had been carried out by Muslim nations that.

In this paper, I will be reminded about the purpose of Islamic law that still must be the basic framework and the main goal in every time we try to develop an Islamic economy. In this paper, I will reveal important facts about the situation and the problems associated with the welfare of the Muslim world, including Indonesia, and offers the most appropriate solutions with the objective of the sharia.

Destination Sharia
Imam Al-Syathibi (Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Musa al-Syathibi, died 790 Hijri), an Islamic thinker who pioneered the birth of science maqaashid al-syarii'ah (Islamic goals) through his landmark work, Al-Muwafaqaat, explained that the main purpose Islamic law is to promote human welfare. Sharia, according to Al-Syathibi, is something that has implications for the good, such as honesty, fairness, openness, tolerance, and compassion, as that's the main purpose of sharia is to create human welfare.

If we turn to the Qur'an, we will see how much attention to the welfare of God. In the Qur'an, there are at least 69 verses that specifically address poverty. In addition, dozens more are still there verses that mention the word type with poverty, such as word faqir, fuqara, ba's, saa'il, qani ', mu'tarr, dhaa'if, and mustadh'afiin. In addition, there are at least 42 verses of the charity which correlated with poverty are also very close. If you add up, we'll find more than 150 verses of the Koran which correlated with poverty.

Just for comparison, is associated with usury, which of course also an important principle in Islamic economics, there are only 7 verses. The amount of Islamic attention on poverty and improving human welfare can also be seen from the many traditions of the Prophet Muhammad about it. In one hadith it is said that poverty is very close to paganism. Thus, consistent with the goals He sent Muhammad to be a 'sign' for the love of God for the universe (see Qur'an sura Al Anbiya verse 107), sharia also has a goal brought to improve the welfare of mankind.

Welfare Measure
Dictionary Wikipedia states, peace is a condition or circumstances in which good men in prosperous, healthy, and peaceful. Welfare (welfare) also means well being (healthy, happy, prosperous and.) For several years after World War II, the measurement of human welfare changes. In the 1950s, prosperity is measured from the physical aspect, like nutrition, height and weight, life expectancy, and income. In the 1980s, there was a change in which prosperity is measured by income, labor, and civil rights. In the 1990s, Mahbub ul-Haq, Pakistani scholar, defined the size of the welfare of the so-called Human Development Index (HDI). With HDI, welfare is no longer focused on aspects of economic-material quality, but also on aspects of social quality of a society.

The HDI is a composite of three components (subindeks), namely: 1. Life Expectancy Index (Life expectancy index), 2. Education Index (Education Index) is measured from the Enrollment Index (index of keterdaftaran reflects the level of formal school population) and the Adult Literacy Index (an index of literacy among the adult population), and 3. Per capita GDP at Purchasing Power Parity Index (Index of Per capita income adjusted to purchasing power parity), which briefly called GDP Index. All three sub-indices, each taking one-third portion of the set of HDI.

The HDI is measured annually and published by the United Nation Development Program (UNDP). In November 2008, UNDP publishes the HDI ranking of 2006 over 179 countries. In this analysis, what I meant by Muslim countries is a country with a Muslim population of 60 percent or more of the total population of the country's population. Of the 30 countries with the highest HDI obtained facts relating to the Muslim world as follows:

There are only two Muslim countries, namely Brunei Darussalam (ranked 27) and Kuwait (ranked 29), who entered in the ranks of 30 countries with the highest HDI. The two countries have a high HDI because sustained by GDP Index. Without us prove, the high GDP Index both countries is due to high revenues from natural resources are not renewable (oil and gas).

In contrast, European countries and Asian countries dominate the sequence with the 30 highest HDI is generally the countries that excel in the development of technology (knowledge-based economy). In fact, these countries do not have natural resources that can be seeded. Just additional information, if we arrange the 30 countries with the highest Education Index, we found none of whom is a Muslim country.

The second population of Muslim countries are not only more than 2.77 million people, namely Brunei Darussalam, and Kuwait 343,653 inhabitants 2,418,393 inhabitants. Total population of these two countries represent only 0.3 percent of the total population of countries in the ranks of 30 countries with highest HDI, which amounted to approximately 913 million people, or only 0.15 percent of the total Muslim world (appr. 1.5 billion soul), and 0.04 percent of the total world population (appr. 6.3 billion people).

As a state with a very large population, Indonesia's economy has different characteristics to the characteristics of Muslim countries in the Middle East. The focus of increasing GDP per capita and education in Indonesia should be done by empowering the sectors that have a lot of actors (the bottom of the pyramid, Prahalad term borrowing). Namely, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), which amounted to nearly 50 million units and absorbs nearly 92 million workers. By placing SMEs in priority economic development of Indonesia, in fact we're carrying out the message of Islam: Let the treasure is not only circulate among the rich among you have. [Surah Al-Hashr (59): 7].

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